The purpose of this literature review is to discuss relevant research on the topic and examine various factors that may impact the risk of being influenced by this type of media.These factors can include time spent viewing media, content of the media viewed, gender, age, psychological characteristics, family, and peers.Various theoretical approaches to explaining the influence of violent media are also examined, as well as directions for future research.Originally published in the May 2009 issue The Fallbrook Midget Chiefs are fanned out across the field on a sunny autumn day in southern California, two dozen eighth graders in red helmets and bulbous pads.
Before Todd could walk, Marv had him on a balance beam. The coach in the Raiders cap — they call him Raider Bill — asks Todd how he got along with his coaches, eliciting a huge guffaw from both Todd and Marv, which makes everybody else crack up, too.The Chief, as he was known to all, was the "most visible of all the Trojan alums," according to The Orange County Register. (After the Chief's death in 1997, at the age of eighty, the alumni laid a brass plaque on the hallowed spot.) The Chief's son was Craig Fertig, a former USC quarterback, responsible for one of the greatest Trojan victories of all time, a comeback against undefeated Notre Dame in 1964. was a general in the Russian army, a cruel man who'd overseen the battlefield amputation of his own arm. One exercise, he says: eleven-hundred-pound squats, with the bar full of forty-five-pound plates, with hundred-pound dumbbells chained and hanging on the ends because he couldn't get any more plates to fit. "I hadn't yet figured out that speed and flexibility were more important than weight and bulk.Before every USC game you'd find him, wearing his cardinal-colored shirt and bright gold pants, tailgating in his regular spot in front of the L. He was associated with the program for nearly fifty years as a coach, assistant athletic director, TV commentator, and fan until his death, the result of organ failure due to alcoholism. After high school, Marv played football for Santa Monica City College. After the championship, he was named Most Inspirational Player. I overtrained so intensely that I never recovered." After a disappointing three-year career with the Raiders and Rams, Marv turned to sports training.He is six foot five, 212 pounds, the same as when he reported for duty twenty-one years ago as a redshirt freshman quarterback at the University of Southern California, the Touchdown Club's 1987 national high school player of the year. He once told a reporter in jest that he enjoyed surfing naked at a spot near a nuclear power plant.The press dubbed him Robo Quarterback; he was the total package. Thereafter, among his other transgressions — nine arrests, five felonies, a year in jail — he would be known derisively for naked surfing.