He receives an immense tract of land west of the Delaware River from King Charles II (in repayment for a debt owed Penn's father) and establishes the "holy experiment" of Pennsylvania.
Unlike the Pilgrims, they do not break with the church, but remain a part of it.
Henry's bill is defeated; Madison reintroduces Jefferson's bill, and it passes in 1786.
The bill is listed on Jefferson's tombstone as one of his three most important accomplishments.
Ministers such as George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards encourage individuals to make an immediate, intense and personal connection with the Divine.
This emphasis on personal choice threatens to undermine the authority of ministers in established churches.